Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a name given to several conditions that fall under the same category. This category encompasses all those long-term diseases that affect a person’s motor functions. CP is not uncommon in children, in fact it is the disorder most often experienced by kids in the United States. Infants develop this condition during pregnancy and it usually can’t be discovered until the moment of birth.
Depending on the patient, CP may have an impact on different regions of the body including the upper and lower extremities. However, the muscles involved in it are generally the same, such as the extensors and flexors.
What Factors Lead to CP?
These lifelong conditions come into being for harm done to the primary motor cortex. There are a number of incidents and disorders that might induce harm to certain brain regions prior or post to giving birth, nevertheless many are yet to be discovered.
Some of the factors that might lead to CP are:
- Complications and behaviors while gestating such as: deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood, using drugs and consuming alcoholic beverages, suffering from infectious diseases, shortness of oxygen to the fetus, and placental abruption.
- Complications during labor such as: shortness of oxygen to the fetus.
- Complications on the infant after gestation such as: brain hemorrhage, seizures characterized by involuntary contractions of the muscles, severe yellow color on the head and harm to the head.
- Other issues such as: inflammation of the meninges around the spinal column and brain, excess buildup of cerebrospinal fluid on the brain, and acute inflammation of the brain.
Some of the above factors can be ruled out if the child carrier exercises the due caution while gestating, while others are completely unavoidable.
What Are the Signs of CP?
People suffering with CP present several consistent signs including issues when talking, eye disorders, spasms, trouble when passing food down the throat, learning disabilities, and dexterity issues.
How is CP identified?
As stated above Cerebral Palsy is not uncommon in children and usually it is discovered after gestation. Determining if this condition has formed during the early years of infancy is not an easy task. Since before turning 1 a kid goes through the highest development when it comes to being able to achieve coordinated patterns of movement. Therefore, its identification is reliant on careful attention to the child’s movements, such as:
- Picking up or grabbing items
- Flipping over his/her body
A physician usually pays careful attention to hand dominance. Usually a kid develops its dominant hand until later in the childhood phase. In some instances a child suffering from CP on either the left or right side of the body shows dominance on that side.
Also a medical practitioner may look out for irregularities in:
- The involuntary movements of the body in response to an stimuli
- The level of tension inside a muscle when resting
- The way the body moves voluntarily
How is CP taken care of?
Because CP and its effects on the body are so varied, the condition can be taken care of in a number of different ways. This involves many methods, procedures, therapies and new techniques, including:
- Speech Pathology
- Visual aids
- Medication that suppresses muscle spasms
- Medical intervention in the muscles, joints or ligaments
- Medical intervention in the central nervous system
It is important to emphasize that even though these condition can be regulated, the cure of Cerebral Palsy still remains unknown.